This park which was declared so as to protect the catchment area of the Lunugamvehera reservoir has similar wetland characteristics of Bundala National Park. The catchment area is vital to maintain the water levels of the five tanks in the stream of Kirindi Oya.
This park is situated 261 km southwest of Colombo and the elevation of the park is 91 metres. Out of 23,498 hectares of total land area 14 percent, that is 3283 ha, is land under the reservoir. the park is also exposed to the drought because Lunugamvehera is located in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka.
The park mainly acts as a passageway for elephants to migrate from the Yala national park to the Udawalawe national park. With many mosaic scrublands and grasslands the Lunugamvehera park consists of many forest layers.
The fauna of the park consists of 21 fish species, 12 amphibians, 33 reptiles, 183 birds and 43 mammals. Sri Lankan Elephant, Water buffalo, wild boar, Sri Lankan sambar deer, grizzled giant squirrel, Sri Lankan spotted Chevrotain, Asian palm civet, Sri Lankan axis deer are some of the common mammals that resides in this spectacular park.
Lunugamvehera is one of the protected areas where tufted gray lungur can be found in the wild.
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